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Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery

Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery is a surgical branch that aims to correct congenital or acquired anomalies, shape and functional disorders, and improve the body's image. We will devide our surgical branch in two parts including  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Aesthetic Surgery.


Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery deals with all kinds of surgical problems that may occur on the entire body surface. Events that disrupt the shape and functions of the body can be congenital, traumatic, or acquired. For example, congenital conditions like cleft lip and palate, fused fingers (syndactyly), vascular masses (such as hemangiomas); traumatic conditions like burns, facial injuries from traffic accidents, various cuts, and organ ruptures; acquired conditions like various skin and soft tissue tumors, chronic wounds are within the scope of this surgical discipline. Losses and deformities of bone (especially facial and hand bones) and cartilage framework (such as ear and nose cartilages), as well as pathological events (tumors, cysts, infections, etc.), are also within the field of plastic surgery. For this purpose, various methods such as microsurgery, laser systems, endoscopy, and the use of various chemical agents and drugs can be employed alongside traditional surgical methods.


Aesthetic Surgery (Cosmetic Surgery)

Aesthetic surgery is a subfield within plastic surgery. Aesthetic (or cosmetic) surgery deals with operations and procedures performed to enhance the body's image and make it more beautiful and perfect. Here, the focus is on aesthetic issues rather than medical problems. In the media, the aesthetic aspect of plastic surgery is more prominent, and perhaps for this reason, the public often perceives plastic surgeons as individuals who only perform aesthetic surgery. However, plastic surgeons primarily deal with reconstructive surgery in clinical practice.

All plastic surgeons receive training in aesthetic surgery during their specialization, and they are the only authorized surgeons to perform these operations. Aesthetic surgery requires extensive training and experience. Such operations demand both surgical and artistic skills. Aesthetic surgery doesn't always focus on aesthetics; sometimes, it also resolves medical problems. For example, surgically correcting an extremely obese body or excessively enlarged breasts (gigantomastia) addresses both medical and aesthetic issues simultaneously.


Some Aesthetic Surgery Procedures Include:

  • Breast Aesthetics (enlargement-reduction-lifting)
  • Rhinoplasty (nose aesthetics)
  • Body contouring surgery (liposuction, lipectomy, abdominoplasty)
  • Facelift and rejuvenation
  • Eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty)
  • Correction of protruding ears (bat ears)
  • These are some commonly performed aesthetic operations.


Non-Surgical Aesthetic / Dermatological Procedures

In addition to surgical operations in aesthetic surgery, non-surgical procedures are also performed.These are auxiliary methods used in aesthetic surgery and some of them are:

  • Skin peeling methods for blemishes, fine wrinkles, acne, or old scars (using laser, chemical, or mechanical peeling)
  • Fat injections for depressions and contour irregularities (lipofilling)
  • Treatment of depressed scars
  • Fillers for wrinkles (such as collagen, hyaluronic acid)
  • Applications for forehead and eye corner lines (Botulinum Toxin)
  • Injections of fat and various fillers for lip thickening